Throat cancer Causes & Symptoms


  • The term “Throat cancer” refers to cancer that is found in the throat (pharynx) or in your voice box (larynx).
  • It is the tube of muscle that starts at the base of your nose and finishes at the neck. Most throat cancers begin in the cells with flat surfaces covering your throat.
  • The voice box is located below your throat and is at risk of developing it. It is composed of cartilage, and it houses the vocal cords which vibrate and produce sounds when you speak.

Different types of throat cancers

The term “throat cancer” is a broad term used to describe cancers that occur inside the throat or within the vocal box

While most throat cancers comprise the same type of cells, specific terms are used to distinguish the throat region in which the tumor arose.

  • Nasopharyngeal cancer starts in the nasopharynx, the throat part located just behind your nose.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease that affects the oropharynx – the throat part just behind your mouth, which includes the tonsils.
  • Hypopharyngeal carcinoma begins in the hypopharynx (laryngopharynx) -the lower portion of your throat. However It is located just above your esophagus and the windpipe.
  • Cancer of the glottic starts at the vocal cords.
  • Supraglottic carcinoma is found in the upper region of the vocal box. It is characterized by cancer of the epiglottis. It is a cartilage piece that prevents food particles from entering the windpipe.
  • Subglottic cancer starts in the lower part of your voice box beneath the vocal cords.

Symptoms of throat cancer

The signs and symptoms of throat cancer could include:

  • A cough
  • The voice changes, including hoarseness or not being able to speak clearly
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Aural pain
  • A sore or lump that won’t heal
  • A sore throat
  • Weight loss
throat cancer
3D render of a medical background with male figure holding throat in pain with virus cells

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

  • Firstly schedule an appointment to see your physician If you are experiencing any new symptoms or signs that persist. Consequently most throat cancer symptoms aren’t related to cancer; therefore, your doctor may examine other common causes first.

Causes of throat cancer

  • It is a condition that occurs when the throat cells undergo genetic changes. As a result these mutations cause your cells to multiply uncontrollably and keep growing even after healthy cells usually cease to exist and cells that accumulate can render an infected tumor within the throat.
  • However it’s not known what causes the mutation that causes throat cancer. However, doctors have identified factors that could increase the risk.

Risk factors of throat cancer

 Factors that may increase your chances of getting throat cancer are:

  • Smoking tobacco, which includes smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Viral infections, such as HPV, human virus (HPV) as well as Epstein-Barr virus
  • A diet that is deficient in vegetables and fruits
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Exposed to toxic substances at work

Prevention of throat cancer

No method can be proven to stop cancer of the throat from developing. To reduce your chance of getting throat cancer, there are a few options:

  • Stop smoking, or don’t begin taking up smoking. If you smoke, then stop but If you do not smoke, stop. Quitting smoking can be extremely difficult, so seek assistance. Your physician can talk about the benefits and potential risks of the numerous strategies for stopping smoking, like medicines such as nicotine replacement products and counseling.
  • Drink alcohol moderately, when any time. If you choose to consume alcohol, you should moderate amounts and for healthy adults, that could mean drinking up to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for males.
  • Select healthy and balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and greens. The vitamins and antioxidants found in vegetables and fruits could reduce developing it. Take advantage of a variety of vibrant fruit and veggies.
  • Make sure you are protected from HPV. Certain throat cancers are caused by a sexually transmitted disease, the human papillomavirus (HPV). You can lower your chances of getting HPV by limiting the number of partners you have sexual relations with and making sure you use a condom every time you go to sexual relations. Consult your physician about this HPV vaccine that can reduce the risk of developing it as well as other HPV -related cancers.